This page updated 15 Apr 2014
Version Note: Applies to Versions 8 & 9
My Census Source Types article describes my general approach to citing US Census records. That article lists the five different Source Types I have developed, and provides a means to download them so they can be imported into your Project. This article describes in detail the Source Type I have developed for the 1790 to 1840 Schedules.
Topics Included in this Article
|The Templates used in the Source Definition|
|Some notes about the general approach used in this Source Type|
|Notes about technical issues|
|Notes about using the Source Type|
|Where to download the Source Type|
This Source Type is designed to record one household in the Schedule. It is designed for the census enumerations each decade from 1790 through 1840. The following discussion describes how the Source Type is constructed, and provides notes about its construction and usage.
The following templates are used in this Source Type:
|Full Footnote:||[HOUSEHOLD] household, [TITLE], [COUNTY], [STATE]<, [LOCATION]><, page [PAGE]><, line [LINES]>, National Archives micropublication [FILM NUMBER]<, [COMMENTS]><, [CD]>|
|Short Footnote:||[HOUSEHOLD] household, [TITLE], [COUNTY], [STATE]<, [CD]>|
|Bibliography:||[STATE]. [COUNTY]. [TITLE]. Micropublication [FILM NUMBER]. Washington: National Archives|
- Title - enter "1XX0 U.S. Census".
- County - enter name of county (omit for DC).
- Household - enter name of Head of Household, in given name surname format.
- Location - enter name of town or township if given.
- State - enter name of state.
- Page - enter sheet or page number(s).
- Lines - enter the line number (count them) if desired.
- Film Number - enter film and roll numbers, as "M704-637".
- Comments (Supplemental tab) - enter location viewed and date if desired.
There are some differences between the notes produced by this template and the example in Elisabeth Mills' Evidence!. The principal one is that I repeat the head of household name in the short footnote instead of the dwelling and family numbers. I believe this makes the notes easier to follow, especially if you have a lot of census cites in your report.
I have included the Comments element, in which I record when and where I saw the census. This is based on comments by Ms Mills that some copies of the census may be more clear than others, so recording the date and location of the copy viewed is a good idea. Now that "enhanced" copies of the census images are available online and on CDs, this seems like an especially good idea.
Many census sheets have both a hand written "sheet" number and a rubber stamped page number. There seems to be no consensus on which to use, but I have decided to use what appears to be the original handwritten number.
The following may be helpful to those interested in creating a Source Type using this method:
|Title||Enter the census name and year||1840 U.S. Census|
|County||Enter the county||Montgomery Co.|
|Household||Enter the name of the head of household||Joshua Atkinson|
|Location||Enter town or city, if recorded||Clarksville|
|State||Enter the state||Tennessee|
|Page||Enter the sheet number||19|
|Lines||Enter the line number||12|
|Film Number||Enter film and roll numbers||M704-532|
|Enter location and date viewed, and any other general notes that apply to the household entry||image viewed on Ancestry.com|
When the Source is cited enter any notes specific to the individual citation, such as:
For those who prefer to down load this Source Type and Import it into their Project rather than create their own version, it and my other census Source Types are available from my Census Source Types article.
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