This page created 15 Apr 2014
Version Note: Applies to Versions 8 & 9
My Census Source Types article describes my general approach to citing US Census records. That article lists the five different Source Types I have developed, and provides a means to download them so they can be imported into your Project. This article describes in detail the Source Type I have developed for recording inmates of institutions in the 1850 to 1940 Population Schedules.
Topics Included in this Article
|The Templates used in the Source Definition|
|Some notes about the general approach used in this Source Type|
|Notes about technical issues|
|Notes about using the Source Type|
|Where to download the Source Type|
This Source Type is designed to record one institution as enumerated in the General Population Schedule in the US census. It is designed for the census enumerated each decade from 1850 through 1940. During these years guests or inmates of hotels, hospitals, schools, prisons and the like were included in the regular Population Schedules, but they were entered in such a way that some modifications of the output templates is required for graceful citations. The following discussion describes how the Source Type is constructed, and provides notes about its construction and usage.
The following templates are used in this Source Type:
|Full Footnote:||[HOUSEHOLD], [TITLE]<, [COUNTY]>, [STATE], population schedule<, [LOCATION]><, Enumeration District [ENUMERATION DISTRICT]>, sheet [PAGE]<, dwelling [DWELLING]>, family [FAMILY]<, National Archives micropublication [FILM NUMBER]><, informant was [INFORMER]><, [COMMENTS]><, [CD]>|
|Short Footnote:||[HOUSEHOLD], [TITLE], [COUNTY], [STATE]<, [CD]>|
|Bibliography:||[STATE]. [COUNTY]. [TITLE], population schedule. Micropublication [FILM NUMBER]. Washington: National Archives|
- Title - enter "1XX0 U.S. Census".
- County - enter name of county (omit for DC).
- Household - enter name of institution.
- Location - enter name of post office, town or township if given.
- State - enter name of state.
- Informer - identify the informant (1940)
- Enumeration District - enter enumeration district number (omit prior to 1880).
- Page - enter sheet or page number(s).
- Dwelling - enter number of dwelling unit.
- Family - enter family number if shown.
- Film Number - enter film and roll numbers, as "T9-637".
- Comments (Supplemental tab) - enter location viewed and date if desired.
There are some differences between the notes produced by this template and the example in Elisabeth Mills' Evidence!. The principal one is that I repeat the name of the institution in the short footnote instead of the dwelling and family numbers. I believe this makes the notes easier to follow, especially if you have a lot of census cites in your report. I've eliminated the listing of the Supervisor's District, as I've never found it to be useful in finding a census listing.
I have included the Comments element, in which I record when and where I saw the census. This is based on comments by Ms Mills that some copies of the census may be more clear than others, so recording the date and location of the copy viewed is a good idea. Now that "enhanced" copies of the census images are available online and on CDs, this seems like an especially good idea.
Many census sheets have both a hand written "sheet" number and a rubber stamped page number and letter. There seems to be no consensus on which to use, but I have decided to use the original number hand-written in the space provided, and the letter since in most cases it seems the number remains the same for each letter.
The following may be helpful to those interested in creating a Source Type using this method:
|Title||Enter the census name and year||1900 U.S. Census|
|County||Enter the county||Clark Co.|
|Household||Enter the name of the institution||Riverside Hospital|
|Location||Enter town or city||Vancouver|
|State||Enter the state||Washington|
|Enumeration District||Enter the ED number, if any||23|
|Page||Enter the sheet number||8B-9A|
|Dwelling||Enter the dwelling number if shown||178|
|Family||Enter the family number if shown|
|Film Number||Enter film and roll numbers||T9-637|
|Enter location and date viewed, and any other general notes that apply to the whole household record||image viewed on Ancestry.com|
When the Source is cited enter any notes specific to the individual citation, such as:
For those who prefer to down load this Source Type and Import it into their Project rather than create their own version, it and my other census Source Types are available from my Census Source Types article.
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